The most attractive thing of Jammu and Kashmir after Natural beauty is its culture. The culture of Jammu and Kashmir is still protected and not much diluted with westernization. Also, the essential part of a culture is its traditional dresses. The traditional dress of Jammu and Kashmir is still a fashion trend after centuries. People of J&K always adhere to their traditional dresses. So, these cultural dresses are still a part of their life, which is good to protect their culture for many years.
Traditional dress in Jammu and Kashmir are different in different regions of Jammu and Kashmir. The difference in traditional dresses in various areas of Jammu and Kashmir depends on many factors. These factors are universal from which every culture can affect. These are Climate, Trance, Religion, and the influence of rulers.
Different Traditional Dress in Jammu and Kashmir
There were 9 different types of cultural dresses found depending upon the different regions of Jammu and Kashmir. So, it’s a very diverse state of India to study culture and its different traditional dress of Jammu and Kashmir. They are divided into the following 9 types.
- Gilgiti : This refers to the dresses of people of Gilgit Baltistan.
- Hunza: This also refers to the dresses of people of Hunza valley in Gilgit Baltistan.
- Balti: This pattern of dresses are worn by the people of Baltistan.
- Pahari: These dresses are popular in POK and the areas touch it.
- Koshur: This refers to the dresses of people of Kashmir.
- Gujri: These dresses are popular among Gujjar and Bakarwal tribes of J&K.
- Dogra: These Dogra dresses are popular in the Jammu region.
- Ladakhi: It refers to the dresses of people of Ladakh Region.
- Kargili: Kargil area of Jammu and Kashmir have also their own traditional dress.
In this article, we mainly focus on the traditional dresses of two regions, i.e., Jammu and Kashmir.
Traditional Dress of Jammu
The traditional dress of Jammu is Dogra dress, which comprises several outfits. The variation in dress depends upon seasons. There were different sets of dresses in winter and different for summer. Also, it depends on gender. The dress of men is different from women. All the different Dogra dresses of discussed as under:
Suthan and kurta
Suthan and kurta is a traditional dress of Jammu and Kashmir. This dress is popular in the northern part of India and mainly in Punjab. Because the culture of Dogras (speaks Dogri Language) in Jammu, significantly influenced by Punjabi culture. Therefore, Suthan and Kurta are also the dresses of Dogra’s. This dress in unisexual, both Hindu men and Hindu women wear this dress.
Dogri Suthan is also known as churidar pajama in many areas. It is very loose and hangs down below the knees and very tight below it has several folds at the end. Although it is a unisex dress, the style is different for men and women.
Kurta is a common term used in northern India. It is a type of upper/top-wear along with Suthan. With western influence, they now wear with Jeans by girls. Kurta is also a unisex dress, but now very few men try this and prefer western clothes.
Jamma and Parna
Jamma and Parna are the traditional suits for Dogra men from the Jammu region. Jamma is like a Mughal style shirt, which is very loose from the bottom. Parna is a piece of cloth that is kept on shoulders or used to make a turban. Very popular in Punjab also.
Like northern India, Salwar-Kameez is also the traditional dress of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the daily used dress for women.
Traditional Dress of Kashmir
Religion and climatic conditions influenced traditional dresses. The dominating religion of Kashmir is Islam; therefore, the Islamic tradition significantly influenced dresses in Kashmir. Also, the climatic conditions of Kashmir are icy, which is very different from the rest of India. Hence, they prefer woolen clothes. So, in Kashmir, we find woolen Islamic style clothing. The various traditional dresses of Kashmir are:
Pheran is a traditional dress of Jammu and Kashmir for both males and females. The style of Pheran is different for males and females. Zari work is done on the Pheran for Females while it is simple for males.
Pheran is loose to wear and goes up to feet. It is mostly used in winters and made of woolen. They are very loose to put Kangri (Pot filled with hot Coal) inside. There is also some difference in the Pheran dress for Hindus and Muslims. Muslims Pheran goes up to Knees with salwar in Afghani style while the Pheran for Hindu Pandits goes up to feet with Suthan.
Pheran is brought by Akbar in 1586 when he conquers the valley. It is a mixture of Persian and Indian styles.
Pathani Suit is very popular among Muslims in South Asia. So, it is also the main traditional dress of Kashmir. It is a dress for men. Usually, a skullcap is also worn with a Pathani Suit. Shawls are also famous with Pathani Suit.
Kashmiri shawls are the most iconic costume for Kashmiris. These shawls are very famous all over India. These are the cultural pieces preserved from the Mughal period. Local tribes revive these again once extinct.
These are the world-famous Shawls from Kashmir. These are of three types: Woollen pashmina and shahtoosh. Anyone can buy woolen shawls but pashmina and shahtoosh are not in the reach of the common man. These shawls are very expensive.
Pashmina shawls are famous because of its embroidery. The embroidery work is only done in Kashmir. The wool used in Pashmina shawl is known as Raffel.
There is a vast variety of the traditional dress of Jammu and Kashmir. One can easily guess the richness of the culture of Jammu and Kashmir after this article. The beauty of Jammu and Kashmir is not only nature but also its culture.